Übertrag von Benutzernamen und Kennwörtern zwischen Instanzen von SQL-Server



Hi ihr,

ich habe ein komisches Phänomen:

Anhand von der MS Knowledgebase Aritkel: 246133 habe ich versucht
mittels des dort angegebenen Scriptes die Benutzernamen mit der SID von
einem SQLServer zu anderen zu übertragen.

1. Ausführen von diesem Script:

----- Begin Script, Create sp_help_revlogin procedure -----

USE master
GO
IF OBJECT_ID ('sp_hexadecimal') IS NOT NULL
DROP PROCEDURE sp_hexadecimal
GO
CREATE PROCEDURE sp_hexadecimal
@binvalue varbinary(256),
@hexvalue varchar(256) OUTPUT
AS
DECLARE @charvalue varchar(256)
DECLARE @i int
DECLARE @length int
DECLARE @hexstring char(16)
SELECT @charvalue = '0x'
SELECT @i = 1
SELECT @length = DATALENGTH (@binvalue)
SELECT @hexstring = '0123456789ABCDEF'
WHILE (@i <= @length)
BEGIN
DECLARE @tempint int
DECLARE @firstint int
DECLARE @secondint int
SELECT @tempint = CONVERT(int, SUBSTRING(@binvalue,@i,1))
SELECT @firstint = FLOOR(@tempint/16)
SELECT @secondint = @tempint - (@firstint*16)
SELECT @charvalue = @charvalue +
SUBSTRING(@hexstring, @firstint+1, 1) +
SUBSTRING(@hexstring, @secondint+1, 1)
SELECT @i = @i + 1
END
SELECT @hexvalue = @charvalue
GO

IF OBJECT_ID ('sp_help_revlogin') IS NOT NULL
DROP PROCEDURE sp_help_revlogin
GO
CREATE PROCEDURE sp_help_revlogin @login_name sysname = NULL AS
DECLARE @name sysname
DECLARE @xstatus int
DECLARE @binpwd varbinary (256)
DECLARE @txtpwd sysname
DECLARE @tmpstr varchar (256)
DECLARE @SID_varbinary varbinary(85)
DECLARE @SID_string varchar(256)

IF (@login_name IS NULL)
DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR
SELECT sid, name, xstatus, password FROM master..sysxlogins
WHERE srvid IS NULL AND name <> 'sa'
ELSE
DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR
SELECT sid, name, xstatus, password FROM master..sysxlogins
WHERE srvid IS NULL AND name = @login_name
OPEN login_curs
FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @xstatus,
@binpwd
IF (@@fetch_status = -1)
BEGIN
PRINT 'No login(s) found.'
CLOSE login_curs
DEALLOCATE login_curs
RETURN -1
END
SET @tmpstr = '/* sp_help_revlogin script '
PRINT @tmpstr
SET @tmpstr = '** Generated '
+ CONVERT (varchar, GETDATE()) + ' on ' + @@SERVERNAME + ' */'
PRINT @tmpstr
PRINT ''
PRINT 'DECLARE @pwd sysname'
WHILE (@@fetch_status <> -1)
BEGIN
IF (@@fetch_status <> -2)
BEGIN
PRINT ''
SET @tmpstr = '-- Login: ' + @name
PRINT @tmpstr
IF (@xstatus & 4) = 4
BEGIN -- NT authenticated account/group
IF (@xstatus & 1) = 1
BEGIN -- NT login is denied access
SET @tmpstr = 'EXEC master..sp_denylogin ''' + @name + ''''
PRINT @tmpstr
END
ELSE BEGIN -- NT login has access
SET @tmpstr = 'EXEC master..sp_grantlogin ''' + @name + ''''
PRINT @tmpstr
END
END
ELSE BEGIN -- SQL Server authentication
IF (@binpwd IS NOT NULL)
BEGIN -- Non-null password
EXEC sp_hexadecimal @binpwd, @txtpwd OUT
IF (@xstatus & 2048) = 2048
SET @tmpstr = 'SET @pwd = CONVERT (varchar(256), ' + @txtpwd
+ ')'
ELSE
SET @tmpstr = 'SET @pwd = CONVERT (varbinary(256), ' +
@txtpwd + ')'
PRINT @tmpstr
EXEC sp_hexadecimal @SID_varbinary,@SID_string OUT
SET @tmpstr = 'EXEC master..sp_addlogin ''' + @name
+ ''', @pwd, @sid = ' + @SID_string + ', @encryptopt = '
END
ELSE BEGIN
-- Null password
EXEC sp_hexadecimal @SID_varbinary,@SID_string OUT
SET @tmpstr = 'EXEC master..sp_addlogin ''' + @name
+ ''', NULL, @sid = ' + @SID_string + ', @encryptopt = '
END
IF (@xstatus & 2048) = 2048
-- login upgraded from 6.5
SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '''skip_encryption_old'''
ELSE
SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '''skip_encryption'''
PRINT @tmpstr
END
END
FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @xstatus,
@binpwd
END
CLOSE login_curs
DEALLOCATE login_curs
RETURN 0
GO
----- End Script -----

2. Es werden wie erwartet, in der master db die zwei Prozeduren:
sp_rev_helplogin und
sp_hexdecimal
erstellt.

die in der master db erstellte sp_rev_helplogin sieht nun
folgendermassen aus:

SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO

CREATE PROCEDURE sp_help_revlogin @login_name sysname = NULL AS
DECLARE @name sysname
DECLARE @xstatus int
DECLARE @binpwd varbinary (256)
DECLARE @txtpwd sysname
DECLARE @tmpstr varchar (256)
DECLARE @SID_varbinary varbinary(85)
DECLARE @SID_string varchar(256)

IF (@login_name IS NULL)
DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR
SELECT sid, name, xstatus, password FROM master..sysxlogins
WHERE srvid IS NULL AND name <> 'sa'
ELSE
DECLARE login_curs CURSOR FOR
SELECT sid, name, xstatus, password FROM master..sysxlogins
WHERE srvid IS NULL AND name = @login_name
OPEN login_curs
FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @xstatus,
@binpwd
IF (@@fetch_status = -1)
BEGIN
PRINT 'No login(s) found.'
CLOSE login_curs
DEALLOCATE login_curs
RETURN -1
END
SET @tmpstr = '/* sp_help_revlogin script '
PRINT @tmpstr
SET @tmpstr = '** Generated '
+ CONVERT (varchar, GETDATE()) + ' on ' + @@SERVERNAME + ' */'
PRINT @tmpstr
PRINT ''
PRINT 'DECLARE @pwd sysname'
WHILE (@@fetch_status <> -1)
BEGIN
IF (@@fetch_status <> -2)
BEGIN
PRINT ''
SET @tmpstr = '-- Login: ' + @name
PRINT @tmpstr
IF (@xstatus & 4) = 4
BEGIN -- NT authenticated account/group
IF (@xstatus & 1) = 1
BEGIN -- NT login is denied access
SET @tmpstr = 'EXEC master..sp_denylogin ''' + @name + ''''
PRINT @tmpstr
END
ELSE BEGIN -- NT login has access
SET @tmpstr = 'EXEC master..sp_grantlogin ''' + @name + ''''
PRINT @tmpstr
END
END
ELSE BEGIN -- SQL Server authentication
IF (@binpwd IS NOT NULL)
BEGIN -- Non-null password
EXEC sp_hexadecimal @binpwd, @txtpwd OUT
IF (@xstatus & 2048) = 2048
SET @tmpstr = 'SET @pwd = CONVERT (varchar(256), ' + @txtpwd
+ ')'
ELSE
SET @tmpstr = 'SET @pwd = CONVERT (varbinary(256), ' +
@txtpwd + ')'
PRINT @tmpstr
EXEC sp_hexadecimal @SID_varbinary,@SID_string OUT
SET @tmpstr = 'EXEC master..sp_addlogin ''' + @name
+ ''', @pwd, @sid = ' + @SID_string + ', @encryptopt = '
END
ELSE BEGIN
-- Null password
EXEC sp_hexadecimal @SID_varbinary,@SID_string OUT
SET @tmpstr = 'EXEC master..sp_addlogin ''' + @name
+ ''', NULL, @sid = ' + @SID_string + ', @encryptopt = '
END
IF (@xstatus & 2048) = 2048
-- login upgraded from 6.5
SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '''skip_encryption_old'''
ELSE
SET @tmpstr = @tmpstr + '''skip_encryption'''
PRINT @tmpstr
END
END
FETCH NEXT FROM login_curs INTO @SID_varbinary, @name, @xstatus,
@binpwd
END
CLOSE login_curs
DEALLOCATE login_curs
RETURN 0

GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER OFF
GO
SET ANSI_NULLS ON
GO

3. aber nun stimmt irgendetwas nicht, denn wenn ich diese erstellte
sp_rev_helplogin Prozedur ausführe will er wieder eine
sp_rev_helplogin erstellen (die erstellte sp_rev_helplogin scheint mir
irgendwie falsch zu sein...). Er sollte nämlich nun laut 246133 ein
Script erstellen, das die Benutzernamen mit den SID anlegt.

Was hab ich falsch gemacht, falsch verstanden? Ich meine mich genau an
den Artikel: 246133 gehalten zu haben...

Vielen Dank für alle Tipps,
Christoph

.



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